The Passover Haggadah... Part
2 (The Maggid)...
Raise the tray with the matzoh:
This is the bread of affliction that our fathers ate in
the land of Egypt. Whoever is hungry, let him come and
eat; whoever is in need, let him come and conduct the
Seder of Passover. This year [we are] here; next year
in the land of Israel. This year [we are] slaves; next
year [we will be] free people.
The second cup is poured.
What makes this night different from all other nights?
all other nights we need not dip even once, on this night
we do so twice!
On all other nights we eat chametz or matzah, and on this
night only matzah.
On all other nights we eat any kind of vegetables, and
on this night maror!
On all other nights we eat sitting upright or reclining,
and on this night we all recline!
We were slaves to Pharaoh in Egypt, and
the L-rd, our G-d, took us out from there with a strong
hand and with an outstretched arm. If the Holy One, blessed
be He, had not taken our fathers out of Egypt, then we,
our children and our children's children would have remained
enslaved to Pharaoh in Egypt. Even if all of us were wise,
all of us understanding, all of us knowing the Torah,
we would still be obligated to discuss the exodus from
Egypt; and everyone who discusses the exodus from Egypt
It happened that Rabbi Eliezer, Rabbi Yehoshua, Rabbi
Elazar ben Azaryah, Rabbi Akiva and Rabbi Tarphon were
reclining [at a seder] in B'nei Berak. They were discussing
the exodus from Egypt all that night, until their students
came and told them: "Our Masters! The time has come
for reciting the morning Shema!"
Rabbi Eleazar ben Azaryah said: "I am like a man
of seventy years old, yet I did not succeed in proving
that the exodus from Egypt must be mentioned at night-until
Ben Zoma explained it: "It is said, `That you may
remember the day you left Egypt all the days of your life;'
now `the days of your life' refers to the days, [and the
additional word] `all' indicates the inclusion of the
The sages, however, said: "`The days of your life'
refers to the present-day world; and `all' indicates the
inclusion of the days of Mashiach."
Blessed is the Omnipresent One, blessed be He! Blessed
is He who gave the Torah to His people Israel, blessed
be He! The Torah speaks of four children: One is wise,
one is wicked, one is simple and one does not know how
The wise one, what does he say? "What are the testimonies,
the statutes and the laws which the L-rd, our G-d, has
commanded you?" You, in turn, shall instruct him
in the laws of Passover, [up to] `one is not to eat any
dessert after the Passover-lamb.'
The wicked one, what does he say? "What is this service
to you?!" He says `to you,' but not to him! By thus
excluding himself from the community he has denied that
which is fundamental. You, therefore, blunt his teeth
and say to him: "It is because of this that the L-rd
did for me when I left Egypt"; `for me' - but not
for him! If he had been there, he would not have been
The simpleton, what does he say? "What is this?"
Thus you shall say to him: "With a strong hand the
L-rd took us out of Egypt, from the house of slaves."
As for the one who does not know how to ask, you must
initiate him, as it is said: "You shall tell your
child on that day, `It is because of this that the L-rd
did for me when I left Egypt.'"
One may think that [the discussion of the exodus] must
be from the first of the month. The Torah therefore says,
`On that day.'
`On that day,' however, could mean while it is yet daytime;
the Torah therefore says, `It is because of this.' The
expression `because of this' can only be said when matzah
and maror are placed before you.
Blessed is He who keeps His promise to
Israel, blessed be He! For the Holy One, blessed be He,
calculated the end [of the bondage], in order to do as
He had said to our father Abraham at the "Covenant
between the Portions...
The wine cup is now raised and the Matzoh are covered.