from January 5, 2006)
In a recent editorial on the discussions at OCS about creating
a middle school, you wrote, “Secondly, the Middle School
model -- which we could only eschew completely knowing that
it would then set our students apart from a shared national
and state experience -- suggests that mid-grade students learn
best when in their own school, yet with access to the sports
and classroom facilities of junior and senior high schoolers.”
I am puzzled by this assertion and by the school district’s
interest in the creation of a middle school. The middle school
model is 40 years old. The more recent educational research
literature no longer supports the idea. It is a very expensive
solution to the education of pre-teens and young teens, even
if it is in response to declining enrollment at the elementary
schools and difficulty in meeting State accountability standards
at the junior high. If research is any indictor, it is also
an approach that is not likely to work.
A newer idea is moving to a K-8 model. Aside from the obvious
advantage of leaving grades 7 and 8 in a more nurturing, closer
to home neighborhood school, it also would solve the problem
of decreasing enrollments in the elementary buildings, and it
would eliminate the disruption and annoyance that would no doubt
be caused by shifting students and closing schools.
The idea of special middle schools to serve adolescents became
popular in the 1960s. Schools vary in how they define a middle
student, but generally the middle grades can include grades
5 through 8. Although there is no exact definition, middle schools
usually serve students in either grades 5 or 6 through grade
8. Some districts have junior high schools instead of middle
schools. Junior high school most often focuses on grades 7 and
8. About 20 years ago, educators became concerned about the
significant challenges faced by middle grade students. Research
followed that focused on middle schools and suggested reform
was necessary. Creating new middle schools was not advocated,
but instead attention was given to fixing the problems of existing
The Carnegie Council on Adolescent Development published Turning
Points (Report of the Task Force on Education and Youth Adolescents,
New York) in 1989, which highlighted the importance of children's
transition during the middle grades. It has sparked debate and
additional research on the middle school years, including Great
Transitions: Preparing Adolescents for a New Century (Carnegie
Council on Adolescent Development, New York, 1995). These publications
and other research pointed out that the organization and curriculum
of middle and junior high schools are often inconsistent with
students' intellectual, emotional, and interpersonal needs.
For many young people, this change means leaving the neighborhood
elementary school to be thrust into a much larger, possibly
more impersonal environment some distance from home.
The Carnegie Council concluded that the middle school curriculum
does not encourage critical, complex thinking. They advocated
the creation of learning teams, a core academic curriculum,
the elimination of tracking (sorting students according to their
ability level into homogeneous classes, rather than placing
them in classes containing a mixture of ability levels), and
the hiring of teachers who have been specifically trained to
teach in the middle grades. In 1998, the Center for Collaborative
Education in Boston (CCE) began to develop a school reform design
that would be based on the research and work of the preceding
nine years. In 1999 the U.S. Department of Education awarded
grants to seven organizations to develop models of school reform.
This support, along with funding from private foundations, meant
research continued on the issue. In Turning Points 2000 (Teacher's
College Press, New York, 2000), Anthony Jackson and Gayle Davis
examined the progress being made and the experiences of middle
school teachers and administrators. Turning Points 2000 builds
on the original Turning Points, with added emphasis on improving
curriculum, assessment, and instruction.
The Turning Points model includes seven points for middle-grades
school reform: rigorous standards and curriculum, equitable
and excellent instruction, preparation and support of expert
teachers, schools organized into small units and instructional
teams, democratic governance, a healthy learning environment,
and schools linked with parents and communities. According to
the National Forum to Accelerate Middle Grades Reform, in 2005,
71 schools in 13 states (California, Colorado, Florida, Idaho,
Illinois, Massachusetts, Missouri, New York, North Carolina,
Rhode Island, Pennsylvania, Vermont and Wisconsin) were implementing
the Turning Points model. According to the National Forum to
Accelerate Middle School Reform, in Illinois, there was a rise
in student achievement and fewer student behavior problems,
and in Massachusetts’ middle schools, the Turning Points
schools had gains in the Massachusetts Educational Assessment
According to the RAND corporation (Rand Education, Problems
and Promise of the American Middle School, Rand Research Brief,
Santa Monica, California, 2004), in spite of these reform efforts,
middle schools continue to have challenges. The transitions
required by a separate middle school may cause problems that
affect studentsâ€™ development and academic
achievement. RAND recommends that states and school districts
consider alternatives to the 6-8 structure.
According to Education World (Sharon Cromwell, K-8 Schools:
An Idea for the New Millennium?, 1999) Colorado Education Commissioner
William Moloney reported that adding two grades to K-6 schools
is less costly than building new middle schools, and in Higley,
Arizona, a growing town near Phoenix, the school board decided
to build five new K-8 schools rather than elementary and middle
or junior high schools. A school board member stated that it
makes sense to keep adolescents in the elementary school setting.
School officials reported that older students in K-8 schools
are less likely to be influenced by negative peer pressure than
they are in middle schools and junior high schools.
According to Programs and Practices in K-8 Schools: Do They
Meet the Educational Needs of Young Adolescents? (C. Kenneth
McEwin, Thomas S. Dickinson, and Michael G. Jacobson, National
Middle School Association, Westerville, Ohio, 2004), Cincinnati
and Cleveland, Ohio; Minneapolis, Minnesota; Philadelphia, Pennsylvania;
Memphis, Tennessee; Baltimore, Maryland and Milwaukee, Wisconsin
have plans to transition students from middle schools to K-8
schools. According to the author, there is no data available
yet on whether young students in K-8 schools perform better
than they do in middle schools.
The jury is still out on the K-8 model, and while it might be
true that a separate middle school is preferable to a 7-12 building,
there is no good evidence to support your assertion that middle
grade students learn “best” when in their own school.
Yes, it is a good idea to “set our students apart from
a shared national and state experience” when that experience
has not been a positive one.
Gina Giuliano, PhD
Castleton & Samsonville, NY
President Bush confirmed on Saturday that he has authorized
the spying on Americans without a court order, which is stipulated
under the Foreign Intelligent Surveillance Act of 1978. Instead,
the Administration is claiming that he has the authority under
the Constitution, but if you read the Constitution, you will
not find any mention of spying on Americans. In reality, Bush’s
authority came from the Yoo memo, which was written by John
Yoo, Deputy Assistant Attorney General, which basically says
that the President has unlimited authority in a time of war.
But just because a lawyer writes a memo saying it is so, does
not make it so.
This is the most outrageous example of an activist executive
completely disregarding the Constitution and Congressional oversight
and must immediately be addressed by the American people. This
policy of spying on Americans translates into a criminal act
by the Bush Administration and is one that Bush readily admitted
and said that he would continue. He has openly declared his
dismissal of our nation’s laws when he stated that "America
would be a lot better off if it were a Dictatorship as long
as I am the Dictator." It seems that he is much closer
to that end than we imagined.
Although my heart goes out to hurricane Katrina’s victims,
my heart aches for my daughter, her husband and their three
children (ages 12, 6, 2), who lost their home to the April 2005
It took, what seemed like, forever for them to find a house
they could afford that was big enough to fit their family. Finally
in October 2003, just a few weeks after their third child, Dakota,
was born they went to closing on their house. The house was
small, on a very quiet country road in the town of Phoenicia.
The Esopus Creek was just across the road and has a great little
area for fishing. It was a wonderful little spot in the mountains
and, although it was hard to maintain and the mortgage payments
were steep, all the effort and insanity to get the place was
They hoped someday to upgrade the place and possibly add on.
The windows needed repair, the yard needed work, but it was
good enough to raise three children and start a little day care
for young kids in the area. They decorated, planted flowers
and dreamed of expansion..
Needless to say, that time didn’t come. Instead 5 inches
of rain fell. The Esopus ran to flood stage and the creek, having
no place to go but through the open area across the road, swept
through the house like a raging river. The walls and floors
were soaked and covered in silt. The foundation was bowed and
a footing to the foundation was undermined. Even though they
lost just about everything, the income earned from the day care
was lost and the mortgage payments were still due, they felt
secure in the knowledge that: they had flood insurance; the
area was declared a federal disaster; FEMA would help and they
would be able to repair their home.
What they didn’t realize is that it would never happen.
They have been stuck in a quagmire of bureaucratic inconsistencies.
The County condemned the house. The flood insurance company
determined that the damage exceeded more than 50% of its value.
The town zoning codes and the 100 year flood plan developed
by FEMA now required that the foundation be raised eleven feet.
They hired an engineer to develop plans to raise the foundation
as required. He determined that the house was not structurally
sound enough to raise and suggested that the house be torn down
And the fun part begins! The insurance company only covers the
damage created by the flood and the eleven foot foundation,
leaving them approximately $24,000.00 short to rebuild. FEMA
and RUPCO have denied their request for funding; SHARP can only
offer a low interest loan, Catholic Charities has not responded
to their application, the $580,000.00 granted to the County
by Governor Pataki is solely for the benefit of
those victims who owned trailers; and the Red Cross offered
approximately $5,000.00, provided they exhaust all other remedies.
The low interest loan may seem like an option to most but they
have had to continue making their monthly loan installments
of $1,100.00 for a piece of damaged ground; their additional
income is gone; FEMA has only allowed rental monies for a one
bedroom cottage to accommodate two adults and three children;
and the heating bill is breaking the bank.
There have been many loving and generous people within the community,
particularly from friends and co-workers at Onteora School District.
We have been in constant communication with assistants at Congressman
Hinchey’s office and Senator Clinton’s office who
are working with us to see if there is any chance to obtain
further funding from FEMA; and County Legislators, Peter Kraft
and Brian Shapiro, have made numerous calls in an attempt to
find the funding necessary to rebuild.
However, the new year is upon us; it has been nine months since
the flood; there is a whole in the ground and in my heart; and
my daughter, her husband and their three children need their
John Parete has offered the Boiceville Inn for a benefit; I
am hoping to find members of the community and musicians willing
to donate their talent and energy for that event; and bank account
has been opened for the Ryder Family Relief Fund at Ulster Savings
Bank, Twin Maples Plaza, Route 9W, Saugerties, New York 12477
for any of those who might want to give financial assistance.
For further information please call me at (845) 657-8171 or
write to me at 65 Piney Point Road, Boiceville, New York 12412.
In his live weekly radio address from the White House on Saturday,
December 17, President Bush stated that two of the hijackers
who flew a plane into the Pentagon, Nawaf al-Hamzi and Halid
al-mihdhar "communicated while they were in the United
States to other members of Al Qaeda who were overseas. But we
didn't know they were here until it was too late."
This was Bush's reason for ordering the National Security Agency
to conduct an electronic eavesdropping program in the U.S. without
first obtaining warrants.
The Presidential Daily Brief received by George W. Bush on August
6, 2001 was titled: Biin Ladin Determined to Strike in U.S.
"Al Qaeda members - some of whom are U.S. citizens - have
resided in or traveled to the U.S. for years and the group apparently
maintains a support structure that could aid attacks..."
The August 6 brief clearly states that a cell, people acting
as members of a cell, existed at that time.
The president asserts that no advisor told him about a cell
and that during the first half of 2001 he "asked his briefers
if any of the threats pointed to this country." The record
is clear that from September 2000 and on, Bush was repeatedly
told of just such threats.
You know what those quotation marks mean? That it is all in
the report for anyone to see. Bush and very much so Cheney are
continually trying to keep our citizenry in a state of fear.
That was the Nazi's technique and bragged about to keep the
German people docile and in control. You can fool most of the
people most of the time? Do the leaders of countries regard
their people as stupid, easy to fool? As long as you don't interfere
with the people's 'mashed potatoes and gravy,' ask no sacrifices
like the current Iraq tragedy, you can rip off and waste billions
of dollars and get thousands of men and women, who are anonymous
to the war makers (notice their children are not in harm's way)
killed and tragically maimed.
Do you remember that look of transfixed and almost catatonic
pleasure that Bush had when he was told in the Florida Kindergarten
class that terrorists had struck the World Trade Center? Do
you remember how proud and pleased Bush was that he now was
a 'wartime' president?
So what do we have? A president who is a liar; a delusional
president, or as one of his top aides said, "we create
our own reality..." It is extremely difficult to publicly
call a sitting president a liar. The 9/11 Commission could not
do it, though they certainly knew it to be the case. Bush realizes
it and he appears to be willing to push the envelope as far
as he can, unless that is really overestimating his intelligence.
The question is not what Bush ahs to lose (there is a lot of
agreement that he is the worst president we have ever had) but
what will the American people lose and for generations to come?
Leave off the Democratic/Republican debate. That's not where
it is at.
Mount Tremper, NY
A man who was strongly opposed to my counter-recruiting, anti-war
activity in front of the recruiting center at the Kings Mall
asked me to remember why I served in the army during World War
I remember very clearly; we were fighting fascism then. I believe
that this country has been moving closer to fascism under Bush
than I have ever before experienced and now it has happened
here; the revelation of secret spying on American citizens without
judicial or congressional oversight. This is unadulterated fascism
and the claim that congress was consulted is bullshit. Several
handpicked senators were told; there was no debate in closed
committee or otherwise.
The "Big Lie," Adolf Hitler's tool for manipulation
of public opinion, is practiced here, and too many Americans
seem to be eager to accept Bush's lies. Remember what the 'good
Germans' said after the war? "What could we do?"
What we can do is to have access to more information than our
government would like us to have, to think clearly, to remember
history, to vote against the war profiteers in congress, to
speak out without any fear.
“Together, America Can Do Better.” That’s
the Democrats’ new slogan. (They actually paid a messaging
team to come up with it.) This insipid new slogan is coming
from a leadership of people, who, for the past several years,
run on a Democratic platform and then support the Republican
platform most of the time. How do they not blush in the presence
of their constituency they so routinely betray? Indeed, America
can do better.
Notice from the grass roots Dems to the DC leadership: “It’s
time to drop the politeness and say it like it is: You have
made yourselves irrelevant. It is time for a change in our country’s
‘leadership.’ And the determined new political force
for change cannot be found on more meaningless sloganeering,
or in the dysfunctional, pandering, and weak-spined, ‘opposition’
party called the Democrats. Who was it that said ‘Effective
politics is about developing a disciplined organization. Good
politics is about developing a message and educating voters.
Smart politics is about knowing how to lead with both’?
That’s it. Lead, or step out of the way.”
We can no longer tolerate business-as-usual politicians—in
either party—who are at odds with their electorate, who
will not act to restore our civil liberties now under siege,
end the illegal occupancy of Iraq, reassert the constitutional
restraints on executive power and, finally, put impeachment
on the table so the American people can claim they did all they
could by demanding accountability from this rogue administration.
To the muted and feckless Dems—though so courageous in
voting down their voting base—afraid of risking privilege
for principle, and to those who persist in challenging the patriotism
of those who refuse to cave in to the status quo, we must remind
of the words of Theodore Roosevelt: “To announce that
there should be no criticism of the president, or that we are
to stand by the president, right or wrong, it is not only unpatriotic
and servile, but is morally treasonable to the American people.”
So? Then, too, we must remind and hold Bush to his own words,
now the neo-conservative mantra: “Evil men, obsessed with
ambition and unburdened by conscience, must be taken very seriously,
and we must stop them before their crimes can multiply.”
Good grief, Bubble Boy is literally challenging us to impeach
him! Who will challenge him with the truth? If the latest flaunting
admission by the Administration about illegally spying on American
citizens isn’t enough to evoke an unrelenting, unabashed,
unstoppable tidal wave of outrage and exposure of the truth
by the Democrats, we are doomed—and so is the Democratic
Party. Bring on the rebels, says William Greider in The Nation
this past week in talking about the growing insurgency and intraparty
challenges within the Democratic Party. Here, here! Remember
the mantra in 2002 (and again in 2004) from Dem leaders in Washington?
“Follow the leaders and shut up.” Absolutely any
talk of disenchantment with the party or the party leadership
or the candidates was seen—even among the rank-and-file—as
treasonous and an endangerment to the Party’s chance of
regaining a majority in the House or Senate. Such continued
logic (if one can call this logic) will ill serve the Democratic
Party, which has managed to lose both houses of Congress, the
presidency, and the Supreme Court. Not because of weak Party
unity. But because of the Party’s weak substance, empty
agenda, lame candidates, lack of courage to speak truth to power,
lack of concern for those they serve, and by not challenging
the thefts of the 2000 and 2004 presidential elections and,
ultimately, by the utter contempt they display for the office
they hold and the Constitution they swear to uphold by cowardly
abdicating their most basic responsibilities. If the Dems mean
business (and little so far points to this) they need to start
making some noise, plot a strategy and stake out a position
and do so boldly. No one would mistake the Washington Dems’
vacillating positions for strength. Strength is finding your
voice. Having the courage of your convictions. Fighting for
what you believe. This is not a time for caution, or timidity,
or politeness. It is time to lead, to take chances, to be resolute,
to fight back savagely—not to be hostage to corrupt advisors
and the next elections. What have they got to lose? Certainly
not elections. Certainly not any moral or political authority.
They’ve forfeited that by abetting this Administration
through their silent, and not so silent, complicity. And unless
we all, as citizens, hold both the Repub and Dem leaders accountable,
their big lie becomes ours. A Buzzflash editorial a while back
had it right on the mark: “The Bushevics know this: tell
a lie five times and it becomes truth; barrel ahead and you
will eventually ride into another news cycle and the press will
ease up and the public will forget about your latest crime against
the nation; the party that shouts the loudest and the longest
wins; intimidation, bullying, slander, fear and dirty tricks
work.” So, maybe telling the truth five times, with committed,
fiery passion, will work as well. And maybe the Dems will have
to play a little dirty themselves.
NEWSFLASH: Politics is dirty business. Always has been, always
will be. And the winners are always active risk takers—highly
motivated toward a goal. Not wimps. You know what a wimp is:
He’s the one who won’t fight under any circumstance.
Ask him what he wants, and he just sighs. Poke him, and he flinches—and
retreats. Confront him with a big problem, and he fumes and
fusses and can’t make a decision. He’s far too ambivalent,
and just sits around to see what happens next. (If that don’t
describe…) So, Dems, hear up from Buzzflash:
“Start screaming at the top of your lungs and don’t
let up, don’t back down, and don’t cut and run.
If you don’t express passionate anger and inform the public
at every turn, with every detail of Bush’s ongoing betrayal
of the nation, they won’t be outraged; they will accept
it as normalcy. Worse yet, they won’t even know they’re
being duped by five years of the ‘big lie’ from
the ‘boy in the bubble’ and his handlers. Because
the ‘big lie,’ absent a sustained onslaught of the
truth, becomes the truth. Pull the fire alarm and keep pulling
it.” Yeah, bring on the rebels. Because nothing short
of a dead-serious, full-scale, and determined-to-win rebellion
will get rid of the dead weight dragging down the Party and
our democracy; nothing less can revive the national Democratic
Party and save it from the “ineffective big-money beast
it’s become,” and the complete irrelevancy to which
it’s heading. What’ve ya got to lose?
I am an avid hunter (bow hunter) and have been for fifty years
now. What I am about to say will definitely alienate some of
my hunting buddies and some neighbors, so be it.
Big Game season is over. Why are the bags of corn and the crates
of deer apples no longer flying out of the supply store doors?
The act of feeding deer for past two years has been deemed illegal
by the DEC. Baiting has always illegal and yet it and feeding
are rampant. There is very good reason for both activities to
be illegal. The primary reason for DEC implementing the feeding
ban is to prevent the potential spread of Chronic Wasting Disease,
which has been found in the Midwest and in a few deer in the
Western part of our state. The DEC feels that feeding the deer
concentrates them in small areas, where the com and apples are
laid out and could enhance the possibility of spreading the
disease. Research by DEC biologists and others has shown that
artificial feeding can have other negative impacts on herd health.
Feeding corn is often detrimental to the individual animal because
their gut is programmed to digest browse.
So why does a lot of the “feeding” suddenly cease
at the end of deer season? Because in reality it is “baiting.”
Why do the pick-up trucks that go up and down the road at fifty
mph suddenly on opening day of gun season are now going fifteen
mph? What ever happened to “hunting?” Why not hunt
by the rules? That big eight pointer so proudly displayed if
shot over a bait pile or from the road is no trophy and nothing
to be proud of.
A neighbor who openly feeds (baits) claims that he does it so
the grandchildren can see the deer. Well, my response is end
the “feeding” and take those grandchildren out into
the woods away from the computer games and television, and let
them see the deer in the wild if only a white tail. Their curiosity
and enjoyment of the outdoors and all its intrigue will be greatly
enhanced along with their physical fitness.
If we hunters want to continue to hunt and pass it on to the
next generation we better recognize that these activities only
give fodder to the anti-hunters. Feeding and baiting is not
only illegal for good biological reasons, but unethical and
unfair to the neighboring land owners and hunters. We have a
lot of new landowners in the Catskills and most are from urban
areas with strong anti-hunting sentiment. These folks have little
or no understanding of ecosystem balance and how hunting plays
into it. If we play by the rules and dialogue with these folks
in a civil and rational manner our sport of hunting may survive.
If we retain a reverence for the creatures we kill and abide
by the rules of fair chase we can be on firm ground when arguing
our case (of which there will be much in the future).
When I learned American History in our one room school ['32-'39]
in Olivebridge it included a course or two of the United States
Constitution. Over some 67 years since then I have seen the
Constitution which includes the 27 amendments, twisted, warped,
scorched and ignored. Our Republican democracy has been through
some rather testy trials by our congresses, by our presidents
and indeed by our various judicial levels.
The latest attack on our "rights" is being waged by
a president who now believes the constitution was written and
implemented to favor my/our government over the people. He has
his justice department [not a part of the judicial] hound dogs
on the trail of those traitors who exposed his criminal act(s)
just as [king] Richard Nixon and [emporer] Lyndon Johnson did;
break the law and then hunt down those treacherous swine.
We are to be quiet when we see a violation of the 4th amendment
not only by a misguided president but by a congress who proposed
and passed the infamous "patriot act" which allows
the illegal entry and search of our private homes, communications,
travel, bank and church records, job sites and wherever we may
go, eat or pray without the required and traditional search
warrant. Senator Larry Craig of Idaho, a Republican conservative
and board member of the NRA is outraged by this "break
and snoop" tactic.
We have war heroes in Congress whose patriotism is being questioned
by a draft dodger in the Executive; 5 deferments add up to draft
dodging. And our ambitious president is not off my hook as far
as juggling service in the Air National Guard between Texas
and Louisiana. Nat. Guard and Reserve personnel do not bounce
around or transfer that easily. I know. I've been there; active
[WWII & Korean] and reserve until '86.
There is however a chink in the armor of those howling the loudest
re: the 4th amendment. Those same accusers that insist the Constitution
leans in favor of the people also and in the same breath would
tell us the 2nd amendment is the only amendment [of 27] that
protects the government and it's right to limit or prevent our
ownership of firearms. [The framers must have overindulged in
the hops and grapes that day].
Those of you that sort out the constitution to suit yourself
are destined to destroy that same constitution. I highly recommend
reading the Federalist Papers which were published in order
to explain and promote those articles before voting on them.
I keep asking this same question and no one can answer it factually
and/or accurately; why are we in Iraq? No WMD's, no nuclear
materiel, no terrorists until we landed there [remember, Sadaam
didn't indulge competitors]. But a CIA secret agent was "outed".
A large corporation [Halliburton] is making [and stealing] millions.
Our young men and women are fighting an unidentifiable force
who want to be martyrs. Treachery is the order of the day by
those we wish to enjoy our type of freedom. Murphy's Law is
working overtime and our leadership fails to recognize it.
Glenn T. Anderson
Apparently, our current "compassionate" leadership
has no problem murdering people, especially if they are not
white! Even if 31,000 dead Iraqis can be
justified by war (which is ridiculous), how can anyone justify
murdering people just because they are uninsured?
Remember when Bush left his vacation early to try to “save”
Terri Schiavo and grab some much needed right wing fundamentalist
support with Fox News headlines? It’s no surprise he never
mentioned the law he signed as Texas Governor that permits doctors
to discontinue life support for “economic considerations.”
This is what happened to Tirhas Habtegiris, an African woman
dying of cancer in a Plano hospital. Yes, the cancer was consuming
her body, but she was conscious and her one dying wish was to
die in her mother’s arms. The hospital, using Bush’s
law, told her family they had
10 days to pay the bill or the ventilator would be removed.
That was not enough time to get her mother all the way from
Africa and the ventilator was removed. She was killed, without
having her mother by her side, because she was poor. How compassionate!
Renditions, torture, chemical weapons, death by lethal injection,
compromising lives of undercover agents, killing poor people,
letting hundreds die in floods, indefinite imprisonment with
no charges, etc… no wonder the rest of the world considers
America a rogue nation that threatens the world. They see the
TRUTH that our leaders will do ANYTHING necessary to retain
POWER. Guess what? We have nukes! How could anyone believe Bush
has the compassion and restraint not to use them? I for one
am very scared. Regime change IS necessary, but more importantly
than in the Middle East, in our own Capitol!
The only way to peace is through peace. Impeachment = a gift
to the world.
David J. Turan
USAF Veteran Iran/Iraq War